For various reasons, some couples decide to use donor eggs to start or expand their family. For people who are new to the concept, it may seem a little confusing or overwhelming. That is why we have prepared an overview guide to understanding how egg donation works.
Egg Donor Matching
Couples who decide to use donor eggs will generally be able to view a pool of egg donors that have already been screened, they will then be able to choose a candidate from this pool. Once a couple has made a choice of donor, the candidate is contacted to confirm her availability. This part of the process of egg donation can take anywhere from a very short period of time to a few years.
Synchronizing The Two Cycles
Once a match has been made, the egg donor will take daily medication to suppress her own cycle and bring it in line with the cycle of the recipient. This part of the process is closely monitored to ensure that the ovaries respond appropriately.
Preparation For The Recipient
To aid the success of the donor egg cycle, the recipient should have a good uterine environment, preferably an endometrium of at least 7mm. The recipient will generally take estrogen and progesterone to prepare the lining for egg implantation.
Once the eggs have developed to the right level the donor will use an injection to trigger ovulation. After two days her eggs are retrieved.
The Fertilization Stage
Using either the sperm of the recipient’s partner or donor sperm, the eggs are fertilized. The embryos are then monitored before being transferred to the uterus of the recipient. This transfer normally takes place three days after the egg retrieval from the donor.
Check Ups For The Donor And The Recipient
The donor should attend a check up following the procedure to ensure that recovery is going well. The entire process for the egg donor is normally between three and five weeks.
The recipient will have a pregnancy test two weeks after the transfer. Following a positive result and evidence of normal rising level of hCG the recipient is usually able to be cared for by their obstetrician.
Indeed, the process of egg donation involves several key steps and procedures. While the venture does require time, effort and planning, the potential result is sure to be well worth all of the effort!